Long time back it was thought that volcanic eruptions are a way of God punishing us. Now scientists believe that ash and fire eruptions from active volcanoes are caused when the red-hot, intensely glowing magma is pushed up the mantle from the vents in the earth’s crust. But no matter what the explanation, a volcanic eruption can be devastating and destructive.
Here are top 3 of the most dangerous current active volcanoes in the world that are included in the Decade Volcanoes list:
1. Sakurajima in Japan
An active as well as composite volcano that was a former island, Sakurajima blows up a lot of volcanic ash through thousands of eruptions every year! It is considered dangerous as a major eruption could be deadly for the 700000 residents in the surrounding areas.
This is why it is called ‘Vesuvius of the east’ as its regular volcanic activity presents a huge threat to one and all. There are white sands there that have formed due to the ash, smoke and volcanic matter blowing up frequently.
2. Mount Nyiragongo in Democratic Republic of Congo
Mt. Nyiragongo is situated inside the Virunga National Park and is one the most active volcanoes on the African continent. Famous for its gigantic lava lakes that appear multiple times in its crater, this fire-producing volcano is a potentially unique threat to its surroundings as nowhere in the world does such a steep sided stratovolcano has a such a huge lava lake inside it. The 2002 eruption from it resulted in the death of 147 people, the destruction of 4500 buildings and it even left 120000 people homeless.More than 400000 people were evacuated from there safely.
3. Mount Merapi in Indonesia
Aptly named ‘Fire Mountain’, this currently active volcano has been active since 10000 years and has blown up more lava flow than any volcano in the world. Experts believe that this volcano wiped out the Hindu Kingdom of Mataram.